Zambia has 2,800 MW of installed electricity generation capacity, of which 85% is hydro-based.
National access to electricity averages at 31% with 67% of the urban and 4% of the rural population having access to power.
The Government of Zambia (GoZ) set a goal for universal electricity access for all Zambians by 2030.
Energy has been identified as an important driving force behind economic development in Zambia, and the government has declared its commitment to developing and maintaining energy infrastructure and services.
Although there are pockets of private-sector activity in generation, transmission, and distribution, the vast majority of power in Zambia is operated by ZESCO, the vertically integrated state-owned utility.
However, the sector is opening up to new IPPs for on-grid and off-grid transactions.
The Government expects to bring online additional MW of solar, hydro, and thermal power through 2030.